The fortified town of Domme lies near Sarlat, in the Dordogne department. Domme has around 1000 inhabitants and is located in the "Périgord Noir", on the border with the Lot department. Domme is an old town, on top of a mountain, and belongs to "Les Plus Beaux Villages de France". It is one of the most beautiful places in France. There are also other places in the area that are on this list such as Beynac-et-Cazenac and Roque Gageac. It is definitely worthwhile to visit the bastide town of Domme during your holiday. Several spots in the village provide you with a beautiful view, at a height of around 150 meters, over the valley where you can see the Dordogne river. The Dordogne is very popular among canoeists. A train runs through the village that takes you along the most beautiful places.
History of Domme
The first thing which was known about Domme is that a castle, the Cathar castle, stood west of Domme. Cathars mainly lived in the Languedoc, at the feet of the Pyrenees. Some had moved towards the Dordogne. The Cathars were Christians who were not allowed to profess their own faith by the Roman church and were therefore severely persecuted by the Roman Inquisition. In the year 1281 Philip the Bold built a castle on the hill on which Domme now lies. It is generally believed that this event is the actual origin of the city. Philip built the castle in his battle against the English. From a high mountain and from directly on the river Phillip could keep a close eye on the surroundings. During the Hundred Years' War, Domme had both been in the hands of the English and in the hands of the French. The Hundred Years’ War was followed by religious wars. When building the wall around Domme it was not seen as necessary to build a wall against the steep rock face which was on one of the sides of the castle. In 1588 Domme was taken by the Protestants who had climbed the rock face at night and were able to take the city under the leadership of Geoffroy de Vivans. After that, Domme was a prosperous city, until the seventeenth century, with beautiful houses and buildings which still stand to this day and ensured that Domme retained its original character.